Spider… just the word makes most of us shiver! Arachnophobia, or the fear of spiders, has been listed as one of the top five phobias for decades. But of the 37,500 species of spiders worldwide only two groups are considered poisonous to humans in the U.S. – the recluse and widow spiders. Tarantulas, jumping spiders, orb weavers and wolf spiders are but a few of the many species that can be found in and around your home.
Spiders have eight legs, round bodies and range from very small sizes to several inches in length. Their bodies do not have segments, and their heads are fused to their abdomens. All spiders have fangs to inject venom, and most spin webs to capture prey.
Most spiders feed on insects. This makes them beneficial in helping to manage pests in gardens, fields, forests and homes, but they are unwelcome houseguests.
It is important to be familiar with what poisonous spiders look like and how they act. Both black widow spiders and brown recluse spiders have venom that is dangerous to humans, and females are known to be aggressive and bite in defense. If you are bitten, seek a medical professional for treatment.
Black widow spiders get their name from the popular belief that the female spiders eat males after mating, although this rarely happens. They can be identified by their shiny black bodies, which include a bright red, hourglass-shaped marking on the underside of their abdomen. They range from 1½ to 1¾ inches in length, and can be found throughout the U.S.
Brown recluse spiders are known for the brown violin marking on their backs, and they range in color from light brown to dark brown. With eight legs, they have round bodies and are typically ¼ to ½ inch long. They can be found in the central Midwest, from Ohio to Nebraska, and in the south from Texas to Georgia.
To help keep spiders from entering your home, be sure to regularly remove spider webs, seal cracks and crevices, eliminate harborage areas and improve ventilation in attics and crawlspaces.
If your spider situation gets out of control contact the nearest HomeTeam Pest Defense branch to schedule an inspection around the perimeter of your home.
If you are wondering how to identify poisonous spiders, HomeTeam is here to help! Only 1 out of 5 home owners felt they could properly identify spiders. So if you are trying to identify a spider, we have some tips.
The reddish brown, wingless insects are about the size of an apple seed.
Easy to identify by their wormlike bodies, slender antennae and pairs of legs on most of their body segments.
Cockroaches are typically dark brown in color and as long as 1½-inches in length.
Oh that unmistakable sound... a cricket is hiding somewhere!
Fleas are small, reddish-brown, wingless insects that feed on the blood of humans and animals.
Grasshoppers are known for their long hind legs which they use to make a chirping sound.
June bugs get their name from the time of year they emerge from the ground. They are blackish or reddish brown in color.
The ladybug is also known as 'ladybird' or 'lady beetle' and is typically 7 millimeters in size.
Moths are known for their distinctive pair of wings, which are drab in color and typically resemble earth tones like brown, white, gray or black.